Environmental Governance and Policy

Environmental
Governance and Policy

SFC Perspectives Paper

Limiting the threat of environmental pollution through health-focused, systemic transformations

Air pollution affects large parts of rural and urban India, posing a significant health risk and causing over 1.5 million premature deaths annually. Our work aims to make lasting and sustainable improvements to India’s air quality by strengthening the foundations of our approach to air quality management. This involves strengthening regulatory institutions, enabling governance mechanisms for collaboration between state and non-state actors, and implementing forward-looking and ambitious policies.

Presently, we focus on three interconnected issues: enhancing the capacity of environmental regulators (pollution control boards) to address the challenges posed by an urbanising and industrializing nation, establishing a comprehensive air quality management framework and effective local and regional institutions, and integrating health considerations into all stages of air pollution policymaking.

Our publications

This also includes publications by SFC team members in their past capacities.

Impact of heatwaves on all-cause mortality in India: A comprehensive multi-city study (Environment International)

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Synergistic Impact of Air Pollution and Heat on Health and Economy in India (Springer)

Abinaya Sekar, Rajat Sharma and Annanya Mahajan

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Sustainable Solutions to Crop Residue Burning and Air Pollution Cycle in India and Pakistan

Bhargav Krishna, Babar Shahbaz and Annanya Mahajan

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SFC Perspectives

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Energy Transitions

Environmental Governance and Policy

SFC Perspectives on Adaptation and Resilience, Climate Policy, Energy Transitions, and Environmental Governance and Policy

SFC

19 March 2024

SFC Perspectives are intended to stimulate discussion by providing an overview of key issues and avenues for action to inform India’s sustainable development trajectory.

SFC Perspectives

Environmental Governance and Policy

Perspectives on Environmental Governance and Policy: Systemic transformations to limit the health burden of air pollution

Bhargav Krishna, Shibani Ghosh, Arunesh Karkun and Annanya Mahajan

18 March 2024

We, at SFC, view reducing air pollution not only as a technical challenge, but also as a structural one that requires re-thinking our approach and the institutions that are tasked with addressing it.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Why closing schools does not protect children from air pollution

Arunesh Karkun and Abinaya Sarkar

28 November 2023

It absolves educational institutions and government agencies of their responsibility towards ensuring clean air while hampering learning outcomes.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

Media, Politics and Environment: Analyzing Experiences from Europe and Asia

Detlef Briesen and Sarada Prasanna Das

14 June 2023

The book studies how environmental protection is embedded in the political systems by comparing industrialized countries and emerging economies. It brings froward how concrete environmental policy emerges from a complex interplay of mass media and political conflicts.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

State’s Commitment to Environmental Governance in India: Struggle Between Developmental Pressure and Sustainability Challenges

Sarada Prasanna Das

14 June 2023

This chapter examines the concept and practice of environmental governance in India. It argues that balance in the environment-development trade-off is necessary to meet growth objectives and that enforcement measures do not necessarily obstruct the growth.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

What Is Polluting Delhi’s Air? A Review from 1990 to 2022

Sarath K Guttikunda, Sai Krishna Dammalapati et al.

26 February 2023

The paper reviews the influence of Delhi’s urban growth since 1990 on pollution levels and sources and the evolution of technical, institutional, and legal measures to control emissions in the National Capital Region of Delhi.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Anti-smog guns, sprinklers, dust suppressants: How effective are these quick-fixes to air pollution?

Abinaya Sekar and Bhargav Krishna

10 January 2023

With high water usage, questionable water quality and health risks, these methods have, at best, limited effects.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Health as the focus of air pollution policy

Bhargav Krishna and Sagnik Dey

16 November 2022

Health must be turned into a feature and eventually a function of air pollution policy

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Three small steps can solidify Modi’s Mission LiFE—urban planning to behavioural change

Navroz K Dubash, Annanya Mahajan et al.

4 November 2022

As India takes over the G20 presidency in December, LiFE offers a platform to promote individual-led demand-side interventions on the international stage.

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Team members

Bhargav Krishna

Fellow and Coordinator, Environmental Governance and Policy

Shibani Ghosh

Visiting Fellow, Environmental Governance and Policy

Arunesh Karkun

Senior Research Associate, Environmental Governance and Policy

Annanya Mahajan

Senior Research Associate, Environmental Governance and Policy

Ishita Srivastava

Research Associate, Environmental Governance and Policy

Nazneen

Senior Research Associate,
Environmental Governance and Policy