Publications

All publications

This also includes publications by SFC team members in their past capacities.

SFC Perspectives

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Energy Transitions

Environmental Governance and Policy

SFC Perspectives on Adaptation and Resilience, Climate Policy, Energy Transitions, and Environmental Governance and Policy

SFC

19 March 2024

SFC Perspectives are intended to stimulate discussion by providing an overview of key issues and avenues for action to inform India’s sustainable development trajectory.

SFC Perspectives

Adaptation and Resilience

Perspectives on Adaptation and Resilience: Building systems that allow India to adapt to climate impacts

Aditya Valiathan Pillai and Tamanna Dalal

18 March 2024

The scale and complexity of the climate challenge merits serious consideration of systemic change, and a re-examination of what is needed for economy and society to thrive in an era of frequent, and often ravaging, climate impacts.

SFC Perspectives

Energy Transitions

Enabling the Energy Transition: Technology, politics & institutions in India’s energy system

Ashwini K Swain, Sarada Prasanna Das, Suravee Nayak, Catherine Ayallore and Navroz K Dubash

18 March 2024

Our research and engagements at SFC focus on rethinking the configuration of technology, politics and institutions in Indian energy as a necessary complement to techno-economic solutions for enabling the transition.

SFC Perspectives

Climate Policy

Perspectives on Climate Policy: Embedding a development-centric, climate-ready approach to policymaking

Aman Srivastava, Easwaran J Narassimhan and Navroz K Dubash

18 March 2024

The Climate Policy group within SFC approaches policy challenges through a strategic lens, aiming for long-term structural change by shifting discourse, building stronger institutions, and aligning conditions for implementation.

SFC Perspectives

Environmental Governance and Policy

Perspectives on Environmental Governance and Policy: Systemic transformations to limit the health burden of air pollution

Bhargav Krishna, Shibani Ghosh, Arunesh Karkun and Annanya Mahajan

18 March 2024

We, at SFC, view reducing air pollution not only as a technical challenge, but also as a structural one that requires re-thinking our approach and the institutions that are tasked with addressing it.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Design national framework climate laws to enable low-carbon resilient transformation

Navroz K Dubash

15 February 2024

In countries where politics are embedded in local development concerns such as job creation or environmental issues, an enabling approach to climate law may work better than a purely regulatory approach.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Strategies for green industrial and innovation policy–an analysis of policy alignment, misalignment, and realignment around dominant designs in the EV sector

Easwaran Narassimhan, Zdenka Myslikova et al.

7 December 2023

This paper explores which combination of technology-push and demand-pull policies best situates a country to lead in clean energy innovation, as new or dominant designs emerge and replace older technologies. A new analytical framework for green industrial policy is applied to BEV drivetrain technology to examine the use of policy alignment and misalignment by countries with big automakers as they pursue strategic green industrial policy.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Why closing schools does not protect children from air pollution

Arunesh Karkun and Abinaya Sarkar

28 November 2023

It absolves educational institutions and government agencies of their responsibility towards ensuring clean air while hampering learning outcomes.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Rebalance attention from global target setting toward national climate politics and policy

Navroz K Dubash

6 October 2023

The first Global Stocktake (GST) confirms that progress in reducing emissions is well behind what is required to limit global warming to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. What is to be done?

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Uneven and Combined Development and the Politics of Labour in an Eastern Indian Coalfield: Shifts and Changes from Late Colonialism to Neoliberalism

Suravee Nayak

4 October 2023

Taking as an example the Talcher coalfields in the eastern Indian state of Odisha, the chapter shows how uneven and combined development has led to the fragmentation of the local labour forces along the way.

Opinions

Climate Policy

The G20 should forge a pact to support nations’ shifts to a low-carbon future

Navroz K Dubash

5 July 2023

Fossil fuels should be used sparingly, in the areas where they contribute most to human welfare.

Opinions

Climate Policy

USD 100 Billion: Delivering The Nucleus Of Climate Finance

Aman Srivastava

26 June 2023

Recent analysis has found that the finance that developed countries are reporting towards that USD 100 billion targets is not always going towards clear climate purposes – some of the projects that have been included in their reporting were a coal plant, a hotel expansion, chocolate stores, a movie, and an airport expansion.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

Media, Politics and Environment: Analyzing Experiences from Europe and Asia

Detlef Briesen and Sarada Prasanna Das

14 June 2023

The book studies how environmental protection is embedded in the political systems by comparing industrialized countries and emerging economies. It brings froward how concrete environmental policy emerges from a complex interplay of mass media and political conflicts.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

State’s Commitment to Environmental Governance in India: Struggle Between Developmental Pressure and Sustainability Challenges

Sarada Prasanna Das

14 June 2023

This chapter examines the concept and practice of environmental governance in India. It argues that balance in the environment-development trade-off is necessary to meet growth objectives and that enforcement measures do not necessarily obstruct the growth.

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Seeing India’s energy transition through its States

Ashwini K Swain, Ann Josey et al.

7 June 2023

States are critical actors in India’s energy transition as there is a multi-tier governance of energy production and usage.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Keeping development at the forefront of India’s long-term climate strategy

Parth Bhatia, Mandakini Chandra et al.

5 June 2023

India’s Long Term Low Emissions Development Strategy (LT-LEDS) sets out multiple low-carbon transitions, highlighting that climate action will be intimately tied to developmental processes.This article identifies some of the challenges and opportunities embedded within these transitions, and reflects on how these will impact developmental priorities such as employment and energy security.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

Intergenerational Labour and Just Transition in Coalfields

Suravee Nayak

1 June 2023

In coal mining districts, the nature of labour dependence on working coal may change over time, but generations will continue to rely on the industry for their livelihoods. This leaves coal communities extremely vulnerable to an energy transition.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Heatwaves will get worse. Invest in adapting now.

Aditya Valliathan Pillai and Satchit Balsari

20 May 2023

India’s recent heat deaths are not outliers. They signal a dismal future unless we start taking the urgent threat of heat seriously.

Books and book chapters

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Governance and Federalism in India

Aditya Valiathan Pillai and Navroz K Dubash

11 May 2023

The chapter puts forward a synthetic account of the forces shaping climate governance in India’s federal architecture, building on descriptions of environmental federalism; state actions in climate policy; and several recent policy moves by both the Centre and states.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

The gaps in India’s ‘heat action plans’

Aditya Valiathan Pillai

26 March 2023

​​The Indian government’s primary policy response to the life-threatening heat comes in the form of “heat action plans”. These plans urge a healthy mix of different solution types but most plans do not account for local context, are underfunded and are poor at identifying and targeting vulnerable groups.

Opinions

Climate Policy

A climate change survival guide to act on

Navroz K Dubash and Parth Bhatia

24 March 2023

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change AR6 synthesis report is a sobering account of present and future damages to ecosystems.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

What Is Polluting Delhi’s Air? A Review from 1990 to 2022

Sarath K Guttikunda, Sai Krishna Dammalapati et al.

26 February 2023

The paper reviews the influence of Delhi’s urban growth since 1990 on pollution levels and sources and the evolution of technical, institutional, and legal measures to control emissions in the National Capital Region of Delhi.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

Solar Rooftop Systems and the Urban Transition: Shall the Twain Ever Meet? Interrogations from Rewari, India

Marie-Hélène Zérah and Sarada Prasanna Das

24 February 2023

This study examines Solar Rooftop Systems (SRS) on Delhi’s outskirts. It reveals how current policies miss the mark by not emphasizing the need for a more integrated approach to urban energy planning that transcends the rural-urban divide.

Opinions

Climate Policy

India can play a key role in climate cooperation

Navroz K Dubash

13 February 2023

India took on a key position on the world stage by assuming the presidency of G20. This year, India will aim to provide leadership to a group of countries that comprises 85% of the world’s GDP and 60% of its population. India must use its presidency to push for greater cooperation to combat complex climate issues.

Opinions

Energy Transitions

India’s just energy transition is more than a coal story

Easwaran J Narassimhan, Ashwini K Swain et al.

6 February 2023

India’s G-20 presidency is an opportunity for New Delhi to negotiate a deal for itself while also shaping international cooperation on just energy transitions.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Can a national carbon market help India cut both emissions and costs?

Aman Srivastava

26 January 2023

The market must work in sync with a range of policy instruments. Stable institutional and regulatory structures must balance competing interests and trade-offs to ensure optimum coverage, caps, pricing and reporting.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Anti-smog guns, sprinklers, dust suppressants: How effective are these quick-fixes to air pollution?

Abinaya Sekar and Bhargav Krishna

10 January 2023

With high water usage, questionable water quality and health risks, these methods have, at best, limited effects.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Weather the Change

Navroz K Dubash

2 January 2023

2023 should be the year climate change is mainstreamed into India’s development decisions.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

Coal extraction, dispossession and the ‘classes of labour’ in coalfields of eastern India

Suravee Nayak

8 December 2022

This paper delves into the coalfields of eastern India, highlighting the emergence of multiple, fragmented and hierarchical ‘classes of labour’ in the ‘new public sector’ coal mines of India.

Opinions

Climate Policy

COP27 and the ambiguity about responsibility

Aman Srivastava and Anirudh Sridhar

26 November 2022

With the new Loss and Damage fund, the line between victim and perpetrator has been blurred

Opinions

Climate Policy

Look beyond COP for climate action

Navroz K Dubash

22 November 2022

COP27 will be marked for the loss and damage fund and stalled steps on reducing greenhouse gas emissions. But the time has arrived to focus on what nations are doing at home, not global meets.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Health as the focus of air pollution policy

Bhargav Krishna and Sagnik Dey

16 November 2022

Health must be turned into a feature and eventually a function of air pollution policy

Opinions

Climate Policy

Climate priorities: Tackling climate governance in India

Navroz K Dubash and Anirudh Sridhar

15 November 2022

Addressing climate change through policy may not be enough. Legislation around climate can ensure economy-wide outcomes. Broader political context will also need to be considered, in India as in the rest of the world, while drawing laws to ensure that both environmental and development objectives are met.

Opinions

Climate Policy

As global warming proceeds, how can India introduce climate governance to law?

Navroz K Dubash and Anirudh Sridhar

9 November 2022

Starting with a governance functions approach – identifying the problems to be solved – allows legal reform to be tailored to disparate national contexts.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Three small steps can solidify Modi’s Mission LiFE—urban planning to behavioural change

Navroz K Dubash, Annanya Mahajan et al.

4 November 2022

As India takes over the G20 presidency in December, LiFE offers a platform to promote individual-led demand-side interventions on the international stage.

Opinions

Climate Policy

How could Indian law tackle climate governance?

Navroz K Dubash and Anirudh Sridhar

4 November 2022

As climate change becomes an increasing concern, addressing the problem only through policy may not be enough. In this piece, Dubash and Sridhar suggest that legislation around climate can ensure economy-wide outcomes, and put forth nine considerations that countries hoping to implement climate law should satisfy to effectively tackle climate change.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

The weakest link in the air pollution fight

Shibani Ghosh and Bhargav Krishna

2 November 2022

As key environmental indicators worsen across India, it is clear that State Pollution Control Boards and Pollution Control Committees are falling short in meeting their statutory mandate

Opinions

Climate Policy

Two pivotal pillars that will dominate COP27

Navroz K Dubash

1 November 2022

For the annual climate meet to facilitate action across the developed and developing world and enhance equity, North-South tensions on loss and damage as well as finance need redressal

Opinions

Climate Policy

COP27: We Need To Improve Climate Models To Make Better Policy

Aman Srivastava and Kaveri Iychettira

1 November 2022

As COP27 approaches, the spotlight once again turns to building a compelling national narrative around climate change – based on what India can do and what India needs.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

For clean air, strengthen pollution control boards

Shibani Ghosh

31 October 2022

The boards were envisioned as autonomous entities, and strong political will coupled with bureaucratic support is required to realise this vision, even if it constrains the government’s (other) policy objectives.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Addressing North India’s burning issue sustainably

Bhargav Krishna

21 October 2022

The issue of crop stubble burning cannot be addressed in a silo and using short-term, unsustainable solutions

Opinions

Climate Policy

As India Readies Its Carbon Market, a Q&A of What’s at Stake

Aman Srivastava and Ashwini K Swain

20 October 2022

The creation of a national carbon market in India, depending on its institutional setup, policy integration and design could offer a mechanism to reduce emissions – or it could result in serious economic costs. The authors here put forth seven key considerations for its design – including India’s growth objectives, trade balance, fiscal revenues, and the effect on its MSMEs.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Trade-offs in carbon trading: Can a carbon market yield benefits for India?

Aman Srivastava and Ashwini K Swain

18 October 2022

The creation of a national carbon market in India, depending on its institutional setup, policy integration, and design could offer a mechanism for reducing emissions, or it could result in serious economic costs.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Forging a national consensus on climate adaptation is key

Aditya Valliathan Pillai

7 September 2022

Adaptation is best seen as a long-term anti-poverty measure whose policy relevance grows as the zone of climate vulnerability expands on the Indian map

Opinions

Climate Policy

Choosing a climate action path wisely

Navroz K Dubash

5 September 2022

For a climate-sensitive development plan, India must walk a line between the ‘development-first climate-later’ view and the ‘untrammelled opportunity’ view

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Why India’s Framework to Bank Renewable Energy Needs To Be Stronger

Catherine Ayallore

22 August 2022

A technological solution to renewable energy source’s intermittency is the physical storage of energy. Thus, storage technologies are critical to a transition to RE heavy energy systems.

Opinions

Climate Policy

India needs to build a ‘climate-ready’ state

Navroz K Dubash

15 August 2022

As climate change has already affected what constitutes effective development, a growing, aspirational nation such as India needs to factor climate considerations into its vision of future development

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Why a Niti Aayog study on the economic costs of ‘judicial activism’ must be viewed with scepticism

Annanya Mahajan

8 August 2022

The report fails to make its evaluations in an unbiased and rigorous manner.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Pledges, plans, and actions: An analysis of India’s Panchamrit pledges

Aman Srivastava and Ashwini K Swain

12 July 2022

In anticipation of India updating its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), Aman Srivastava and Ashwini Swain evaluate the climate pledges made by Prime Minister Modi at COP26.

Opinions

Climate Policy

India at bottom in EPI 2022 but environment survey confuses and stifles honest discussion on climate change

Navroz K Dubash and Sharachchandra Lele

14 June 2022

Methodology of Yale-Columbia Environmental Performance Index is indefensible, tone-deaf on ethics, ignorant of a long literature on climate equity, and inconsistent with broadly accepted politics.

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Band-Aid Solutions Won’t Staunch India’s Power Crisis

Ashwini K Swain and Rohit Chandra

31 May 2022

Current short-term fixes for India’s power crisis neither address rising uncertainty in the electricity system nor are aligned to a transition towards a 21st century energy system.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Climate Faultlines: India’s Lessons from the Glasgow COP26 Climate Negotiations

Navroz K Dubash

11 May 2022

India’s engagement in Glasgow, while storied and multi-faceted, also exposed faultlines in Indian climate politics; the faultlines in framing, policy, institutions, and diplomacy need to be addressed cogently if the country is to successfully negotiate the many transitions ahead.

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Three interlinking factors that explain the coal crisis

Ashwini K Swain

5 May 2022

The current crisis can be explained by a demand surge, supply disruptions and dysfunctional cash flow.

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Policy packages could transform India’s approach to the climate crisis

Parth Bhatia and Navroz K Dubash

29 April 2022

For a country like India, a policy package approach could help unlock the social acceptability of transformative action.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Climate crisis: No universal solutions

Navroz K Dubash

5 April 2022

The latest IPCC report says the world is not on track for achieving the mitigation goals. The response to that should be to redouble efforts and limit harm to the extent possible

Opinions

Climate Policy

Interview with Navroz Dubhash and Vishwa Mohan – ‘Need both steep reductions in short run and long-run action for net zero’

Navroz K Dubash

5 April 2022

Without steep emission reductions across regions & sectors targets looks out of reach. Thinking about development and climate decisions together could maximise synergies across both.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Interview with Navroz Dubhash and Jayashree Nandi – ‘We aren’t on track for 1.5°C target: Navroz Dubash, IPCC report co-author’

Navroz K Dubash

5 April 2022

There are many more policies and laws in place around the world that have played a role in enhancing energy efficiency, lowering deforestation and accelerated deployment of renewable energy.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Karnataka’s crumbling coastline shows climate battles are political

Aditya Valiathan Pillai

30 March 2022

As the sea ravages coastal settlements, seawalls are springing up. But real solutions lie elsewhere, far away from the coast.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Air Crisis: India’s Toothless Pollution Response, Delhi-Centric Discourse To Blame

Bhargav Krishna

28 March 2022

Air pollution is a national emergency. We must reject the discourse centred solely around Delhi and eschew the techno-fixes currently dominating the discourse and recognise the long-term transitions necessary to sustainably improve air quality.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

जलवायु संकट में भारत की संघीय प्रणाली की पुनर्कल्पना

Parth Bhatia, Navroz K Dubash et al.

15 March 2022

सभी देशों की तरह भारत के लिए भी, जलवायु परिवर्तन एक अत्यंत तेजी से बढती समस्या बन गई है। इस लेख के जरिये पिल्लई एवं अन्य तर्क देते हैं कि इस समस्या के समाधान के लिए भारत की संघीय प्रणाली की पुनर्कल्पना करने की आवश्यकता है, क्योंकि भारत के संविधान में जलवायु संबंधी कई क्षेत्रों में राज्यों के महत्वपूर्ण कर्त्तव्य निर्धारित किये गए हैं। वे जलवायु नीति में संस्थागत सुधार हेतु एक नए दृष्टिकोण का सुझाव देते हैं, जो राष्ट्रीय लक्ष्यों के लिए अपने कार्यों का समन्वय करते हुए राज्यों को पर्याप्त लचीलापन देगा।

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Reimagining Indian federalism in the climate crisis

Parth Bhatia, Navroz K Dubash et al.

7 February 2022

Addressing the issue of climate change requires reimagining Indian federalism, as the Indian Constitution gives states a crucial role in several arenas of climate action. The authors propose a new approach to institutional reform in climate policy, one that gives states adequate flexibility while coordinating their actions for national goals.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Bad air: Ad hocism won’t work anymore

Bhargav Krishna and Shibani Ghosh

23 December 2021

Air pollution is a complex societal problem. We must recognise this and focus our attention on long-term policy pathways with clear goals and timelines

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

National climate institutions complement targets and policies

Navroz K Dubash, Aditya Valiathan Pillai et al.

4 November 2021

The paper suggests how countries can sequence the formation of climate institutions given the constraints of national politics and existing national political institutions.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Climate change research and the search for solutions: rethinking interdisciplinarity

E Lisa F Schipper, Navroz K Dubash et al.

18 October 2021

For different knowledge systems to work better together toward climate solutions, we need to reframe the way questions are asked and research pursued, in order to inform action without slipping into reductionism.

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Varieties of climate governance: the emergence and functioning of climate institutions

Navroz K Dubash

1 October 2021

How do states respond to the challenge of climate governance? Drawing on a collection of country studies, this paper outlines a framework to explain the path-dependent emergence of climate institutions.

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Special Issue on ‘Varieties of Climate Governance’ in Environmental Politics (all articles)

Navroz K Dubash

1 October 2021

Drawing on cases spanning four developed and four developing countries with an analytical overview, the paper examines the conditions under which climate institutions emerge, the forms they take, and the governance functions they serve.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Clearing the air through the revised WHO guidelines

Bhargav Krishna and Santosh Harish

25 September 2021

The revised WHO guidelines are a clear nudge from the health sector towards the deep decarbonisation of India’s economy

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Utilitarian benchmarks for emissions and pledges promote equity, climate and development

Mark B Budolfson, David Anthoff et al.

13 September 2021

Tools are needed to benchmark carbon emissions and pledges against criteria of equity and fairness, but standard economic approaches ignore equity. This paper proposes a utilitarian benchmark computed in a transparent optimization framework, which could usefully inform the equity benchmark debate.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Hot and Flooded: What the IPCC Report Forecasts for India’s Development Future

Mandakini Chandra, Arunesh Karkun et al.

4 September 2021

To embark on a low-carbon development pathway, India will need an institutional architecture with a more strategic bent.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

International Environmental Law in the Courts of India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan

Shibani Ghosh

12 August 2021

Given development imperatives in these countries, courts are often faced with the ‘economy/development versus environment’ question. In such situations, the courts rely on IEL in an instrumental fashion in support of the final outcome of the case, rather than engaging with the substantive content of the IEL principles.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

States are the beating heart of climate action

Navroz K Dubash, Aditya Valiathan Pillai et al.

2 August 2021

The Centre can play an important supporting role by providing credible analysis on low-carbon policy choices to the states when required.

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Design a climate-ready governance system

Navroz K Dubash, Aditya Valiathan Pillai et al.

24 June 2021

India needs new dedicated organisations, policy frameworks, and financing mechanisms. Begin with a low-carbon development commission

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

The limits of opportunism: the uneven emergence of climate institutions in India

Aditya Valiathan Pillai and Navroz K Dubash

7 June 2021

The politics of opportunism has animated institutional development in India. The paper looks at the emergence and decline of climate institutions over three decades, showing how political conditions have shaped institutional form.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Developing countries need to chart their own course to net zero emissions

Navroz K Dubash, Harald Winkler et al.

4 May 2021

Translating complex climate science into language people understand has always been difficult. At various times, the aim of different climate policies has been holding average global temperature rise to 2°C or 1.5°C, or ensuring emissions peak by a particular year. Net zero targets are the most recent attempt to simplify the climate crisis in order to make it manageable.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Net-zero emission targets are a hollow pledge

Navroz K Dubash

24 March 2021

India needs a path that shows how a focus on opportunities for low-carbon development is more likely, in practice, to deliver emissions reductions than abstract future 2050 pledges

Opinions

Climate Policy

Proposing a new climate agenda for India

Navroz K Dubash

24 March 2021

The Indian road to leadership should be based on near-term actions, institutional strengthening, and a combination of mid- and long-term targets

Opinions

Energy Transitions

The surge of geopolitics in South Asia’s power trade

Aditya Valliathan Pillai

24 March 2021

India’s new trade rules are political and an irritant; instead, New Delhi should be planning a stable institutional model

Opinions

Climate Policy

Give young environmentalists a voice

Navroz K Dubash

22 February 2021

India has always argued that climate is linked to development choices, livelihoods and equity. Don’t ask activists to narrow down their concerns

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Environmental Governance and Policy

Climate Litigation in India

Shibani Ghosh

22 January 2021

A review of the legal and regulatory landscape in India reveals that the main environment and energy related laws, policies and regulatory processes offer several hooks to bring climate claims to courts.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

What Can COVID-19 Teach Our Government About Communicating Air Quality?

Sharon Mathew and Arunesh Karkun

16 December 2020

Making information widely accessible to the people has been central to India’s COVID-19 response. So if governments were to raise awareness and disseminate information on air pollution the way they have done with COVID-19, what might that look like?

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

EIA 2020: Two Steps Back…

Shibani Ghosh

2 September 2020

The draft Environment Impact Notification 2020 has been widely criticised because it is not designed to protect the environment. It will further weaken the 2006 EIA and rather than deter violations, encourage them.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Draft EIA notification dilutes environmental protections, is in denial of ecological crises

Shibani Ghosh

11 August 2020

The environment ministry needs to be clear about its role — its mandate is to create and sustain a regulatory framework that prevents the plunder of our natural resources, not actively accelerate the pace of environmental devastation.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

Rethinking India’s Energy Policy

Radhika Khosla and Navroz K Dubash

8 August 2020

The paper examines the state of play in energy supply and demand, and argues for the recovery of an older tradition of attention to energy demand patterns in addition to energy supply.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

The interplay between the pandemic and pollution

Santosh Harish and Shibani Ghosh

16 July 2020

It offers some opportunities. But the key is in contesting bad policies, which dilute environmental norms, processes

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Climate laws help reduce emissions

Navroz K Dubash

13 July 2020

Over the last two decades, many countries have passed laws addressing climate change and related areas. Research now shows that these laws make a difference to emission outcomes, but the pathways of impact require further research.

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Global solar grid could cause sun burns

Aditya Valiathan Pillai

25 June 2020

India’s recent experiences, and successful global models, deliver a clear message- power pools can’t be built without an institutional architecture other countries trust

Opinions

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

A convergence of crises

Aditya Valiathan Pillai

10 June 2020

Policy ideas should marry employment and industrial priorities with green outcomes

Opinions

Energy Transitions

How Covid-19 can affect India’s energy transition goals

Ashwini K Swain

8 May 2020

We must use this critical juncture to push for positive reforms and overdue structural changes to build a resilient electricity future

Opinions

Energy Transitions

The politics of power in times of a pandemic

Ashwini K Swain

20 April 2020

There is a slump in demand for electricity. This will create a financial crisis. But can it lead to reforms?

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

China and India in the Himalayan climate crisis

Aditya Valiathan Pillai

1 April 2020

This article describes an unprecedented threat to large parts of India and China due to receding glaciers in the Himalaya. It posits that this threat will require these countries to redefine their security calculus by incorporating an ecological dimension.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Energy Transitions

Imagining a different, better future

Navroz K Dubash

26 March 2020

If sustained, behavioural changes, induced by Covid-19, can alter the way we live and work

Opinions

Energy Transitions

Prepaid power is not the silver bullet to solve problem of discom finances

Ashwini K Swain

10 March 2020

The Centre’s push for smart meters may be an important ingredient for transitioning to a 21st century electricity-system. However, let us not pretend it is the silver bullet to solve the long-standing problems of discom finance and losses.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Emissions: World has four times the work or one-third of the time

Niklas Höhne, Michel den Elzen et al.

4 March 2020

A decade of insufficient political action on climate change means that nations must now do four times the work — or do the same in one-third of the time — to comply with the climate pact they made in Paris.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Litigating Climate Claims in India

Shibani Ghosh

3 February 2020

This essay examines climate litigation in India by observing what one can interpret from the current set of climate cases, and predicting that while conditions are favorable for climate litigation in India to grow, in the near future climate claims are likely to remain peripheral issues.

Opinions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Three ways by which Delhi’s Kejriwal govt can fulfil its promise to curb air pollution

Santosh Harish and Navroz K Dubash

27 January 2020

On Delhi air pollution, the AAP government shouldn’t throw its hands up but formulate a concrete plan.

Opinions

Climate Policy

Bracing for the storm

Navroz K Dubash

13 January 2020

To tackle climate change, not only does India need to pivot into a low-carbon future, it also needs to step up as a leader of climate-vulnerable countries.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

The Disruptive Politics of Renewable Energy

Navroz K Dubash, Ashwini K Swain and Parth Bhatia

22 May 2019

In making the shift to renewable energy, India has to manage the disruption of long-standing institutional and political arrangements in ways that enable clean energy in a sustainable manner.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Energy Transitions

Environmental Governance and Policy

The Ecological Costs of Doing Business: Environment, Energy and Climate Change

Navroz K Dubash and Shibani Ghosh

1 February 2019

An assessment of the government’s actions in areas of environment, energy and climate change with a view to interpreting its track record.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

The political economy of electricity trade and hydropower development in eastern South Asia

Aditya Valiathan Pillai and Sagar Prasai

11 January 2019

This article frames the political economy of electricity trade and hydropower development in eastern South Asia. It argues that progress in both electricity trade and hydropower development in the region will be incremental in the next decade, hindered by mixed demand signals and the turbulence of geopolitics.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

India in a Warming World: Integrating Climate Change and Development

Navroz K Dubash

1 January 2019

This book brings together perspectives from leading researchers, activists, and policymakers to provide clarity on why India should engage with climate change and how it can best do so. It argues that while the climate crisis is becoming an increasing existential challenge, a pathway to development innocent of climate change is no longer available for India.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

Indian Environmental Law: Key Concepts and Principles

Shibani Ghosh

1 January 2019

The book studies the evolution of the environmental legal framework in India. It explores the judicial reasoning and underlying assumptions in landmark judgments of the Supreme Court, the High Courts and the National Green Tribunal.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

Public Trust Doctrine in Indian Environmental Law

Shibani Ghosh

1 January 2019

The chapter the growth and application of the public trust doctrine, and explains why it is difficult to identify how the doctrine could lend predictability to decision-making regarding public trust properties.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

Procedural Environmental Rights in Indian Law

Shibani Ghosh

1 January 2019

The chapter examines three procedural environmental rights – the right to information, the right to public participation, and the right to access to justice – in detail, and identifies loopholes and limitations in the adjudication of each right.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

National Climate Policies and Institutions

Navroz K Dubash and Shibani Ghosh

1 January 2019

This chapter sets the stage for a discussion on policies by reviewing the emergence of national policies and national institutions.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

India’s Evolving Climate Change Debate: From Diplomatic Insulation to Policy Integration

Navroz K Dubash

1 January 2019

The chapter explains the changing context for climate change debates in India, from one focused on diplomatic concerns of equity and responsibility for the problem, to one equally concerned with understanding its development implications.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Energy Transitions

More priorities, more problems? Decision-making with multiple energy, development and climate objectives

Ankit Bhardwaj, Madhura Joshi et al.

22 November 2018

This study addresses the challenge energy decision-makers face in aligning with the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement, emphasizing the need for multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) to navigate the complex interplay of energy systems with social and environmental goals.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Mapping Power: The Political Economy of Electricity in India’s States

Navroz K Dubash, Sunila S Kale et al.

3 September 2018

Mapping Power provides an analysis of the political economy of electricity in fifteen Indian states. The book emphasizes that successful reform efforts should aim at a positive dynamic between electricity reform and electoral success.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Protecting Power: The Politics of Partial Reforms in Punjab

Ashwini K Swain

3 September 2018

This chapter analyses how the power sector has evolved in Punjab, especially through institutional restructuring and policy reforms, with the objective to examine the policy choices, outcomes, winners, and losers at the state level.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Poverty in the Midst of Abundance: Repressive Populism, Bureaucratization, and Supply-side Bias in Madhya Pradesh’s Power Sector

Ashwini K Swain

3 September 2018

This chapter examines the political economy of transitions in MP’s power sector, with the objective of identifying drivers of policy choices and their outcomes.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Transforming Reforms: Hype, Hostility, and Placation in Andhra Pradesh’s Power Sector Reforms

Ashwini K Swain

3 September 2018

This chapter explores the political economy of AP’s electricity sector transitions over four periods, with the objective to explain the drivers of policy choices and their outcomes.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

India and Climate Change: Evolving Ideas and Increasing Policy Engagement

Navroz K Dubash, Radhika Khosla et al.

15 August 2018

This article traces India’s evolving stance in global climate policy and politics, examining the shifts in knowledge, ethics, and governance that have shaped its domestic and international climate policies.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Appellate Authorities under Pollution Control Laws in India: Powers, Problems and Potential

Shibani Ghosh, Sharachchandra Lele et al.

19 July 2018

This paper focuses on an often overlooked aspect of environmental grievance redressal, viz., the effectiveness of existing redressal forums.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

National climate change mitigation legislation, strategy and targets: a global update

Gabriela Iacobuta, Navroz K Dubash et al.

4 July 2018

This paper analyses trends in adoption of national climate legislation and strategies, GHG targets, and renewable and energy efficiency targets in almost all UNFCCC Parties, focusing on the period from 2007 to 2017. Results show that national climate legislation and strategies witnessed a strong increase in the first half of the assessed decade, but have somewhat stagnated in recent years.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

India’s energy and emissions future: An interpretive analysis of model scenarios

Navroz K Dubash, Radhika Khosla et al.

4 July 2018

This piece examines India’s complex role in global climate mitigation, analyzing its varied perceptions from a significant emitter to a low-carbon leader amid development uncertainties. It introduces an interpretive approach to forecast India’s energy and emissions, suggesting that current policies may align with its Paris Agreement goals.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Whose carbon is burnable? Equity considerations in the allocation of a “right to extract”

Sivan Kartha, Simon Caney et al.

24 May 2018

The principles and framework laid out here are offered as a contribution to understanding the nature of the potential impacts of a transition, principles for equitably sharing the costs of avoiding them, and guidance for prioritizing which fossil resources can still be extracted.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Cascading biases against poorer countries

Sivan Kartha, Tom Athanasiou et al.

27 April 2018

This correspondence presents a response to du Pont et. al for suggesting that wealthier countries have made more ‘equitable’ contributions to the Paris goals than poorer countries, and points out the biases towards wealthier nations in the approach and methodology adopted.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Multi-criteria decision analysis in policy-making for climate mitigation and development

Brett Cohen, Hernán Blanco et al.

5 March 2018

This paper explores the potential for using approaches that fall under the umbrella of multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) in guiding analyses and policy-making that relate to the climate mitigation–development interface.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Trump’s Toxic Announcement on Climate Change

Navroz K Dubash

17 June 2017

President Donald Trump’s announcement that the United States will exit from the Paris Agreement betrays a fundamental misunderstanding of the way the agreement works. It also goes against long-agreed climate principles, and is blind to emergent clean energy trends.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Recovering Key Strategic Concepts in India’s Climate Policy

Navroz K Dubash and Radhika Khosla

11 June 2016

A reply to ‘Paris Agreement: Differentiation without Historical Responsibility?’ by Kirit S Parikh and Jyoti K Parikh (EPW, 9 April 2016), which deepens the discussion on the key concepts of co-benefits and historical responsibility.

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

Evolution of Institutions for Climate Policy in India

Navroz K Dubash and Neha B Joseph

16 January 2016

The growing focus on climate policy in India is not matched by an equivalent level of attention to institutions . Effective institutions are also needed for the design, coordination and implementation of policy. This paper examines the functioning of institutions, organised around three periods: pre-2007; 2007 to 2009 and 2010 to mid-2014.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Climate Change through the Lens of Energy Transformation

Navroz K Dubash

1 January 2016

This chapter explores existing conversations around energy transformation for a New Earth and puts forward ideas toward a conversation that might bridge the divide between how energy is supplied versus those who emphasize the demand side.

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

State-led experimentation or centrally-motivated replication? A study of state action plans on climate change in India

Anu Jogesh and Navroz K Dubash

18 December 2015

Through an examination of state climate plans in five Indian states, the paper explores the implications of sub-national climate measures. Through an empirically driven inductive analysis, the paper argues that because state climate plans, at least in the initial stages, followed a centrally driven, and sometimes ambiguous agenda, their scope and room to experiment was circumscribed.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Towards Methodologies for Multiple Objective-Based Energy and Climate Policy

Radhika Khosla, Srihari Dukkipati et al.

5 December 2015

Planning for India’s energy future requires addressing multiple and simultaneous economic, social and environmental challenges. This paper proposes a “multi-criteria decision analysis” approach to this problem, using illustrative examples from the cooking and buildings sectors

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Neither Brake Nor Accelerator: Assessing India’s Climate Contribution

Navroz K Dubash and Radhika Khosla

17 October 2015

This article examines India’s INDC through each lens, to understand the implied logic with regard to India’s complex climate-development choices, and with regard to its strategic international choices. It finds that the INDC reflects, as yet, an inadequate consideration of the climate and development linkages that should inform India’s actions.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Integrating Global Climate Change Mitigation Goals with Other Sustainability Objectives: A Synthesis

Christoph von Stechow, David McCollum et al.

24 September 2015

Achieving a truly sustainable energy transition requires progress across multiple dimensions beyond climate change mitigation goals. This article reviews and synthesizes results from disparate strands of literature on the coeffects of mitigation to inform climate policy choices at different governance levels.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Multilateral Diplomacy on Climate Change

Navroz K Dubash and Lavanya Rajamani

23 July 2015

This article reviews India’s foreign policy on climate change, arguing that while it is marked by tactical virtuosity, it increasingly exhibits strategic vacuity.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Building Productive Links between the UNFCCC and the Broader Global Climate Governance Landscape

Michele Betsill, Navroz K Dubash et al.

1 May 2015

With this article, the authors seek to open a research agenda that takes a more sophisticated approach to the question of linkages within the broader global climate governance landscape.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Who determines transformational change in development and climate finance?

Harald Winkler and Navroz K Dubash

18 April 2015

There is a potential tension between mitigation-focused transformation and nationally driven sustainable development. This paper explores this tension in the context of operationalizing the Green Climate Fund (GCF), which has to deal with the fundamental tension between country ownership and transformational change.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Book Review: The ‘Green’ Quotient in the Supreme Court

Shibani Ghosh

31 January 2015

A book review of Environmental Jurisprudence and the Supreme Court: Litigation, Interpretation, Implementation by Geetanjoy Sahu (Orient Black Swan, TISS), 2014.

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Climate Policy

From Margins to Mainstream? State Climate Change Planning in India

Anu Jogesh and Navroz K Dubash

29 November 2014

Based on a detailed analysis of five state climate plans, this article finds that climate plans provide an important institutional platform to mainstream concerns of environmental sustainability into development planning but fail to update ideas of sustainability to include climate resilience.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Measuring the Co-benefits of Climate Change Mitigation

Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Sergio Tirado Herrero et al.

1 October 2014

Co-benefits rarely enter quantitative decision-support frameworks, often because the methodologies for their integration are lacking or not known. This review fills in this gap by providing comprehensive methodological guidance on the quantification of co-impacts and their integration into climate-related decision making based on the literature.

Journal articles

Adaptation and Resilience

Is There a Trade-Off between Agricultural Development, Adaptation and Mitigation?

Ashwini K Swain

15 July 2014

India’s long-standing official position in global climate negotiations has been that any discussion on agriculture must be held in the realm of adaptation, not mitigation. Is this apprehension sound?

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Is There a Case for an Environmental Regulator?

Shibani Ghosh

5 July 2014

Do national and state regulators provide an effective alternative to the current institutional structure?

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Climate Policy: Political implications of data presentation

Navroz K Dubash, Marc Fleurbaey et al.

4 July 2014

What is the appropriate balance between scientific analysis and governmental input in the IPCC? Claiming government overreach and calling for greater insulation of the process come from a misleadingly simple interpretation.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

India’s Green Industrial Policy Pursuing Clean Energy for Green Growth

Ashwini K Swain

1 March 2014

Keeping with the global trend, India seems to be executing a “Green Industrial Policy” that seeks to prioritise production and consumption of clean energy. Will it lead to green growth and sustainable development?

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Developments in national climate change mitigation legislation and strategy

Navroz K Dubash, Markus Hagemann et al.

21 October 2013

First, there has been a substantial increase in climate legislation and strategies between 2007 and 2012: 67% of global GHG emissions are now under national climate legislation or strategy compared to 45% in 2007. Second, there are substantial regional effects to the patterns, with most increases in non-Annex I countries, particularly in Asia and Latin America. Third, many more countries have adopted climate strategies than have adopted climate legislation between 2007 and 2012.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Demystifying the Environmental Clearance Process in India

Shibani Ghosh

1 September 2013

“The EIA process involves several stakeholders with a variety of interests, often conflicting, and the process is deeply contentious with significant implications for a range of rights. This paper aims to bring some clarity to our understanding of this complex process through a critical examination of the EIA Notification, related documents and judicial pronouncements.”

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Case Note: Access to Information as Ruled by the Indian Environmental Tribunal: Save Mon Region Federation v. Union of India

Shibani Ghosh

30 July 2013

Environmental decision-making processes, particularly in the developing countries, are often opaque and inaccessible. India’s experience in striving to improve its processes may thus provide useful lessons for other jurisdictions.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Indian Climate Change Policy: Exploring a Co-Benefits Based Approach

Navroz K Dubash, D Raghunandan et al.

1 June 2013

There is a growing body of climate-related policy in India; at the same time, there is no clear and consistent approach or framework that directs and guides these efforts. In this paper, we propose and develop a methodology for operationalising a co-benefits approach to climate policy formulation.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

The Politics of Climate Change in India: Narratives of Equity and Co-benefits

Navroz K Dubash

15 March 2013

This review of Indian climate politics examines the initial crystallization of Indian climate positions and its roots in national climate politics, and then examines the modest ways in which climate politics have been revisited in domestic debates since about 2007.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Environmental Governance and Policy

The Rise of the Regulatory State of the South: Infrastructure and Development in Emerging Economies

Navroz K Dubash and Bronwen Morgan

1 January 2013

This volume focuses on the rise of regulatory agencies in the developing world, specifically Asia, Africa, and Latin America. – with implications both for the study of regulation and the study of development.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Of Maps and Compasses: India in Multilateral Climate Negotiations

Navroz K Dubash

1 January 2013

India has taken a remarkably consistent approach to global climate negotiations; a principled position on climate change founded on attention to equity dimensions of the problem. This stance has strong implications for India’s arguments for the relative mitigation burdens of the industrialised and developing world and therefore for India’s approach to multilateralism applied to climate change.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Understanding the rise of the regulatory state of the South

Navroz K Dubash and Bronwen Morgan

6 June 2012

The intent of this paper is to draw out common themes that characterize a “regulatory state of the South,” while remaining sensitive to the variations in level of economic development and political institutional contexts within “the South.”

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Toward Enabling and Inclusive Global Environmental Governance

Navroz K Dubash

23 February 2012

Sustainable development has always been a compromise that papered over real conflict between environment and development. Twenty years after Rio, the geopolitical climate is far less conducive to easy compromises. So, Rio+20 should focus on national and sub-national institutions and embrace a diversity of national political, institutional and legal contexts, while also ensuring the inclusion of the weakest.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Handbook of Climate Change and India: Development, Politics and Governance

Navroz K Dubash

1 January 2012

This Handbook builds a composite picture of contemporary Indian climate politics and policy by bringing together prominent voices from India, including policymakers, politicians, business leaders, civil society activists and academics.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Avenues for Climate Change Litigation in India

Lavanya Rajamani and Shibani Ghosh

1 December 2011

As frustration mounts in some quarters at the perceived inadequacy or speed of international action on climate change, and as the likelihood of significant impacts grows, the focus is increasingly turning to liability for climate change damage.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

The National Environment Assessment and Monitoring Agency: A Step Forward?

Shibani Ghosh

23 September 2011

The Ministry of Environment and Forests’ initiative to set up an independent environmental regulator acknowledges the problems in the current system of regulations. Yet, it has a number of limitations because of which viable alternatives to the proposed agency are actively constructed here.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Mapping Global Energy Governance

Navroz K Dubash and Ann Florini

7 September 2011

Governing energy globally requires approaches that can simultaneously cope with three realities: the highly fragmented and conflictual nature of the current inter-state system’s efforts to govern energy; the diversity of institutions and actors relevant to energy; and the dominance of national processes of energy decision making that are not effectively integrated into global institutions.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

Introduction to the Special Issue: Governing Energy in a Fragmented World

Ann Florini and Navroz K Dubash

7 September 2011

This special issue brings together leading experts from Asia, Europe and North America to examine the international institutions, national governance mechanisms and financing systems that together will determine the future of the energy sector.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

From Norm-Taker to Norm-Maker? Indian Energy Governance in Global Context

Navroz K Dubash

7 September 2011

The article develops three narratives that have guided Indian energy governance domestically: state control; the grafting on of market institutions; and the embryonic linkage between energy security and climate change.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Beyond Copenhagen: Next Steps

Navroz K Dubash and Lavanya Rajamani

15 June 2011

Although not for the reason most climate watchers anticipated, the 15th COP to the UNFCCC and the CMP-5 to the Kyoto Protocol at Copenhagen marked an important moment in the history of the climate negotiations.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Copenhagen: Climate of Mistrust

Navroz K Dubash

26 December 2009

These reflections on the Copenhagen climate negotiations first provide a brief encapsulation of events, followed by a discussion of the key negotiation issues that took centre stage. It then provides a political interpretation of the Accord and its future prospects.

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Climate Politics in India: How can the Industrialised World Bridge the Trust Deficit?

Navroz K Dubash

5 November 2009

In an ironic and to most Indians quite disturbing turn, India is increasingly portrayed as an obstructionist in the global climate negotiations. How did a country likely to be on the frontline of climate impacts – with a vast proportion of the world’s poor and a reasonably good record of energy-related environmental policy and performance – reach this diplomatic cul de sac?

Books and book chapters

Climate Policy

Climate Change and Development: A Bottom-Up Approach to Mitigation for Developing Countries

Navroz K Dubash

1 November 2009

This chapter suggests that focusing in the short run on explicit caps (or the implicit caps of climate plans) for developing countries is a misguided policy. It argues that strengthening domestic institutions in developing countries is needed for successful low-carbon development.

Journal articles

Environmental Governance and Policy

Environmentalism in the Age of Climate Change

Navroz K Dubash

1 September 2009

This article examines the tensions and challenges of Indian – and indeed Southern – environmentalism in an age of climate change.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

The Electricity Groundwater Conundrum: Case for a Political Solution to a Political Problem

Navroz K Dubash

29 December 2007

This paper attempts to articulate a political interpretation of the electricity-groundwater conundrum. The paper argues that farmers are quite rational in their current decision-making given the problematic context within which they make choices.

Journal articles

Climate Policy

Inconvenient Truths Produce Hard Realities: Notes from Bali

Navroz K Dubash

29 December 2007

Reflections on the Bali climate summit and thoughts on India’s way forward.

Journal articles

Energy Transitions

Environmental Governance and Policy

Regulatory Practice and Politics: Lessons from Independent Regulation in Indian Electricity

Navroz K Dubash and D Narasimha Rao

27 November 2007

This paper seeks to examine the practice of electricity regulation in India, using case studies of three state-level electricity regulators. This paper suggests a proactive regulatory approach where governments give regulators the latitude to proactively steer the sector.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

The Practice and Politics of Regulation: Regulatory Governance in Indian Electricity

Navroz K Dubash and D. Narasimha Rao

1 January 2007

This volume contributes to debates on the role of regulators in electricity reform and on the institution of regulation in India by examining electricity regulators in three Indian states.

Books and book chapters

Energy Transitions

Power Politics: Equity and Environment in Electricity Reform

Navroz K Dubash

28 June 2002

Drawing on six country studies – Argentina, Bulgaria, Ghana, India, Indonesia, and South Africa – the volume examines whether and how the process of electricity reform can support rather than hinder sustainable development.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

Tubewell Capitalism: Groundwater Development and Agrarian Change in Gujarat

Navroz K Dubash

1 January 2002

Market-based reforms in an agrarian setting to address the water problem must be integrated into the local governance in order to succeed.

Books and book chapters

Environmental Governance and Policy

A Watershed in Global Governance: An Independent Assessment of the World Commission on Dams

Navroz K Dubash, Mairi Dupar et al.

1 November 2001

An assessment of the World Commission on Dams set up to produce a set of international guidelines for the design, construction, operation and decommissioning of large dams and options on their alternatives.